Monday, May 23, 2016

More bees, please

Our bees didn't make it through the winter.

Last spring, if you recall, we entered the exciting world of beekeeping. Novices that we are, we experienced a lot of problems (including one hive which lost two queens in a row, causing us to combine the weak hive with the strong hive to make one large hive). It didn't help that we chose to start beekeeping during one of the driest summers on record, with very few flowers to keep our ladies alive and buzzing. We fed them all summer and fall with sugar syrup.

So the bees entered winter with limited stores anyway, and the final nail in the coffin was when we wrapped the hive in foam insulation with a foam cap to keep them protected from the weather.

Wrong thing to do. As it turned out, the foam (especially with the cap) caused condensation inside the hive; and condensation is a bigger killer than cold. Sadly, it was a case of "live and learn."

It was discouraging to disassemble the hive a few weeks ago and view our bees, dead and moldy (condensation!).

But we had two incoming "nucs" (so called because they're "nucleus colonies," miniature hives already set up with a queen, frames, brood, etc.) and needed to get things prepped before they arrived. Nucs (pronounced "nukes") are pricier than package bees, but they have the advantage of strength. They come with frames of brood already in place, so the population of the hive explodes shortly after arrival. Otherwise the package bees would have to wait for the worker bees to build comb, the queen to lay eggs, the workers to care for the brood, etc. before the hive's population could increase.

Last year we set the hive up just in the garden, but since we expanded the garden space this year to enclose our baby orchard as well as the pond, we decided the give the bees a more permanent setup.

We put them in the lee of the clay/dirt pile from digging the pond, to offer some protection from the wind. The pond also gives them unlimited fresh water.

Don leveled a small section at the far end of the dirt pile.

Then we put a section of tarp over the dirt, and anchored it with gravel.

Don also put in T-posts to allow us to make a removable retaining wall to cut the wind in winter.

Then it was time to remove the frames from the hive and get things cleaned up. The frames with honey we put aside for extraction (more on that in a future blog post).

Poor little dead bees. I hated to see them clustered and moldy like this.

We got things cleaned up, the hive boxes moved, and clean frames ready for the incoming nucs.

We got the call about ten days ago the nucs were ready to pick up. The beekeeper selling them had dozens stacked aside, waiting for others to pick theirs up.

Here are our two nucs, tucked in the back of the truck for the trip home. Each nuc has about 10,000 bees and a queen, plus five frames and a lot of brood.

Once home, we paused to mix up a batch of fresh syrup, then suited up and got ready to hive the nucs. We had already cleaned the black plastic feeders, which we filled with syrup and inserted into the hive box before opening the nucs.

One interesting thing the beekeeper told us: We were prepared to insert clean, empty frames to supplement the frames that came with the nuc...

...but the beekeeper said if we had any frames with existing comb, it was better to use those since it would save the new bees some work. Existing comb would provide abundant places for the queen to lay without having to wait for the bees to draw out fresh comb. It's the ultimate in recycling; I love it.

So with Don (suited just in case) and Younger Daughter (not suited, sitting farther away) perched on top the dirt mound to watch, I opened the nuc boxes and prepared to transfer the bees to their new home.

Transferring nucs is super easy. All I had to do was lift the frames carefully from the nuc box into the hive.

You can see how active the bees are, with comb already drawn out and capped brood.

With one hive transferred and buttoned up, I started transferring the second nuc.

I made sure to tip out any bees left over in the nuc box, then put the open boxes next to the hives so strays could find their way to their new home.

On went the lids, and we left the bees to settle in.

Throughout this process I slowly accumulated an audience of fascinated bovines.

Cows and bees don't mix, so it's essential to keep the beasties away from the hives.

We opened the hive a few days later to top off the syrup and were pleased to see lots of healthy activity. In the last few days we've had a spate of ugly weather -- cold, howling wind, pouring sideways-slanted rain -- so there hasn't been a lot of outside activity under these conditions.

One more thing we just did: ordered wildflower seeds off Amazon.

This particular mixture will sow about 3500 square feet and contains flower seeds which bees particularly love and which are native to the Pacific Northwest region. They also won't need to be watered. We plan to sow them in the orchard, since the ground is already plowed up and it would be the perfect time to plant. The flowers will mature in late summer and early fall, just when the bees will need the extra boost. I'll be sure to blog about this as the wildflower project develops.

So there we go. We'll try the bees once more, and hopefully not have the issues we had last year.


  1. I think wrapping the bees wasn't the problem; shutting off the ventilation was. A lot of folks still wrap their bees, I think, though most don't bother.

  2. I been wrapping my hives in foam insulation for years. The trick is to make sure they have a top vent entrance or hole. I also have extra deep inner covers I put on for Winter that lets me put dry sugar on top for emergency food. I have found the sugar absorbs the moisture quite well.

  3. I wrap mine in foam core every year, but don't put anything on top. When I lose a hive, it's generally to starvation, or a damn mouse getting in and building a nest in the hive. i just have to get mouse guards made for the 4 new hives I've started this week from the swarms I caught - a banner year for that - 4 is more than I've ever gotten in an entire season! Probably the weird weather...

  4. Hi Patrice, Thanks for showing us the good, the bad, and the ugly. That is what is so refreshing about your blog. You lay it all out there for everyone to see and to learn from, and then you get lots of good advice from folks (above) writing about what they did in the same circumstances. Thanks for the reality.

    God Bless,
    Janet in MA

  5. Yay!!!! Happy post! Except about the most bees :(

  6. Is it ok for the two hives to be so close together?

  7. I wish I could keep bees, but the bears keep busting up the hives so I quit after a few tries over the years. This morning about 4 I was awakened by a bear in my bird feeder on the front porch. Just gotta live with those critters. ---ken

  8. At approx 150.00$ a Nuc, that's expensive learning. Watch your location of your hives also, prairie drifting over the mound and into your hives is bad too. Why are you getting your Nucs so late? Should of been installed a month ago for your area... Early pollen and nectar is critical for healthy brood going into summer, with out it your just spinning your wheels...

  9. Ah..yes. I have been keeping bees for 8 years and some years....just don't go as planned. Isn't that true in any agricultural venture? Sounds like this year is off to a great start!

  10. In addition to the ventilation issue, wouldn't the foam board risk formaldehyde toxicity, like what happened in the FEMA trailers after Katrina?

  11. I belong to a bee club, and the members help each other. When someone loses their bees, other members will give them a nuc to get reestablished. Everyone is will to give advice too. The one thing everyone agrees on is this. If you have five beekeepers in one room, you'll get six different opinions as to what you should do with your bees.

    Good luck, and enjoy.

  12. Hi Patrice, we feel your pain. We lost 3 of our 6 hives doing the exact same thing. My husband says he "Loved them to death".
    Ruth in Michigan

  13. Patrice, I have a good friend who has been a bee keeper for over 40 years. He advised me to always use organic sugar as most conventional sugar is processed from GMO sugar beets. All GMO sugar beets seeds are treated with neonicotinoids and genetically modified to tolerate glyphosate. Both are harmful to polinators. And residue of both is consistently found in conventional sugar. The only way to insure your sugar is contaminant free is to use organic. I buy my organic cane sugar at Costco for less than $10 for a 10 pound bag. Good luck this season.
    Mary from Boulder

  14. Buckwheat! Bees love it and the honey is delish!

  15. I wrap my hive for winter, my my grumpy little Russian bees came through amazingly well. We did 2 things different than you: we did a moisture quilt frame on top, and added an imry shim or camp rim full of dry sugar. I learned both of these techniques on the Hony Bee Suite blog. She is super knowledgeable & has been a big help for a new beek like me. Mine came through winter SO strong they later absconded. We lost track of getting new frames on quick enough because of 2 family hospitalizations. They ran out of room & took off, but we still see them visiting our flowers (Russians are distinctive little grey bees). I'm considering it a learning experience & seeding the area with strong drones to mate with the 2 new packages we got to start over with this year. Bees are good for making you feel humble!